Loving to run around together outside or snuggle up next to each other on the couch aren’t the only things you and your four-legged friends have in common. In fact, from an internal standpoint, we’re quite similar to our beloved animals!
Cannabidiol, or CBD, interacts with a biological system in your dog called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Both humans and dogs have an ECS, and it functions the same way in both. Just as it does for us, the ECS plays a vital role in regulating a range of processes – including sleep, appetite, mood, and maintaining a stable internal environment (also known as homeostasis in our furry friends).
The three main components of the ECS are endocannabinoids, the receptors that they bind to, and the enzymes that help make and break them down. Endocannabinoids are compounds that both humans and dogs naturally produce as needed and bind to specific nerve receptors located throughout the body to activate the ECS. Like us, dogs have enzymes that control when endocannabinoids are produced and how quickly they get broken down so that the ECS isn't indefinitely stimulated.
If their ECS is out of balance, your pet may display negative behaviors — including the signs of stressed or anxious feelings. When your dog meets someone new at the park, for instance, maybe their heart begins to beat rapidly and they start to tremble. Once the perceived danger passes, their body produces increased levels of endocannabinoids to help calm them back down. When this system is not working properly, your furry friend may exhibit persistent anxious behaviors.
This is where CBD, a non-psychoactive phytocannabinoid found in hemp plants, can come into play. In addition to endocannabinoids, the ECS can be stimulated by cannabinoids from external sources, including CBD. CBD does not directly bind to receptors but, instead, prevents enzymes from breaking down the body’s naturally-occurring endocannabinoids so that they can have more of an impact.
There are two basic types of CBD: Full-spectrum, which can contain up to 0.3% THC (the chemical that is responsible for producing the “high” sensation), and Broad-spectrum, which contains no THC but still provides the desired calming effect. Kradle products contain CBD derived from high quality American-grown hemp — with no detectable THC — and other premium ingredients that naturally interact with the canine endocannabinoid system to calm your dog from the inside out.
Does your dog have anxious behavior? Take our Anxious Dog Quiz to learn more.